What Are the Most Effective Water Leak Detection Methods?

Water Leak

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When it comes to water, every drop counts. A deteriorating infrastructure will lose clean water when it leaks from aged pipes, cracks, and joints. Identifying the leak’s source can be challenging, especially since it’s under the surface and if you don’t have the specific technologies.

For this reason, it’s always best to invest in leak detection methods. Leak detection methods mean combining the popular and latest procedures to locate and gauge the leak’s size. It’s an ongoing process that allows water providers to reduce water wastage and recover lost revenue. 

This article will tackle the importance of leak detection and some successful methods. We’ll also look at how a leak-detection device and usage chart work. 

Why Is Leak Detection Important?

Non-revenue water is a lost resource before the water supplier can sell it to customers. This issue occurs because of physical losses, such as leaks and erroneous bookkeeping because of faulty meters. Fortunately, technology can help detect these losses. However, water providers must conduct this crucial step as soon as possible to avoid increased costs and significant damages. Otherwise, impurities can contaminate the system and make the water unfit to drink. 

Calculating Non-Revenue Water Losses 

Providers can calculate non-revenue water losses by measuring the amount of water used over a specific time, such as per minute for the leakage or year for accumulated losses. Bigger water supply systems can calculate the volume of water lost with the pipelines’ total length. They’ll later compare the results to the water supply flow rates to identify the lost resources. 

Older water supply systems are more likely to suffer from more significant losses. In large cities, some sections may be less than a decade old or even more than a century old. 

The municipality can use its water infrastructure to serve its needs without incurring financial costs. They may provide water for watering public parks, firefighting, running city-owned pools, and irrigating recreational areas. However, the flows aren’t revenue-generating because the city doesn’t charge itself for the water used. 

What Are Acoustic Detection Methods?

Acoustic detection tracks and locates pipeline leaks by listening for hissing or rushing sounds when the water escapes a broken pipe. They can travel along the pipe’s length, and people may hear it from a distance. Small-diameter metal pipes can carry sound up to 1,000 feet. On the other hand, large-diameter PVC pipes can only take the sound up to a hundred feet.  

Different Modes of Listening Devices

Listening devices that can detect sounds from underground pipes are available in different types and modes: mobile or fixed, direct or indirect, and internal or external. These devices can transmit data by downloading it to computers or through radio. These devices allow workers to find and fix leaks with an accuracy of three to four feet. However, the local environment and engineered structures can help in reducing the sound at the surface. 

How Does a Leak Detection Device Operate?

Water providers can use secondary leak detection methods to identify the leak’s location by measuring the pressure and flow differentials. They can determine the leak’s source by strategically locating flow meters and pressure gauges with mobile acoustics.

What’s a Leak Detection Usage Chart?

Municipal water utilities are the largest electricity consumers, and water loss reduces the system’s efficiency. The leakage can also lead to costly energy losses. Moreover, the damaged adjacent infrastructure can be a financial burden because of the expensive repairs. 


Water leaks are an expensive mistake for most facilities, especially if they have an outdated water system. Using the proper detection methods and calling for urgent repairs can help prevent costly energy losses and contamination. 

If your facility needs a leak repair in Oshawa, we can help. Hayes Plumbing offers professional commercial plumbing services to help you ensure a more efficient water system. Contact us today!

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